What is the difference between a dental crown and a dental veneer?

November 20, 2017

Have you ever wondered what the difference is between a dental crown and dental veneer? Or maybe even when they would be used or which would look better on you?

Dental veneers are used for cosmetic improvement to the front surface of a tooth. Commonly, light or minimal drilling is done to the unsightly tooth and an impression is taken to record the remaining tooth structure. When the final veneer is placed, it is commonly lighter in shade and more appealing to the eye with its shape, size and contour than the original tooth. This is just a “blanket” for a tooth and would not survive on patients with bad clinching/grinding habits or abnormal bite patterns. It would not survive because veneers may be popped off due to lack of retention or excessive force since they have minimal retention.

Crown versus veneer

Dental crowns not only serve as a cosmetic restoration but also completely cover the tooth. Crowns are similar to having a new “hat” for the tooth as it is used on fractured teeth, unsightly teeth and much more to improve appearance and function of the entire top of the tooth. Check out the photo of these incredible crowns below done right here at Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry!

Crowns at Schroeder Dentistry

Have questions? We have answers! Give us a call at 859-276-5496 to learn more about your options and how we can serve you!

What are implant dentures?

November 7, 2017

implant denture

What are implant dentures? Dentures that are supported by dental implants are a modern way of restoring the terminal dentition. When teeth are too far decayed/infected to be restored, an implant denture is a wonderful way to get your smile back. Although time goes by and we experience pain and even embarrassment with our smile or ability to chew, we are here to help our patients work thru the big decision of how to restore their smile. There are two different types of implant dentures that are most commonly presented as options:

    • Implant supported dentures- These dentures are fully supported by implants and may lightly lay on the gums after the teeth are removed. These provide great stability and natural mouthfeel but may be more expensive.
    • Implant retained dentures- These dentures require fewer implants and may require the gums to take some pressure during chewing. This may be a more affordable option but do not provide the same esthetics and mouthfeel as implant supported dentures. These are commonly called “locator dentures” because the denture snaps into locators that act as caps to snap into.
No matter which option is best for you, we are here at Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry to provide you with outstanding options to fit your budget. Although dentistry can be expensive, neglect is even more expensive. Give us a call today if we may be of service to you in any way. We provide free consultations in a comfortable environment to allow you to make the best decision for your oral health.

What kind of dental crown material is best?

October 31, 2017

A dental crown can be a wonderful way to restore a damaged tooth. Teeth may be damaged by large fillings with recurrent decay or even fractures. By reshaping the tooth after appropriate anesthesia, a new “cap” or “hat” may be fitted to the tooth.

cracked tooth

When the final crown is fabricated, it is customary to choose a material depending upon several factors including strength, esthetics, finances, and functionality. We will highlight differences in these crown materials below:

  • Strength- Gold is very strong but not as esthetic so it should be used only in the posterior if the patient elects. Zirconia is wonderful in terms of strength and esthetics and may be a better option.
  • Aesthetics- Porcelain fused to zirconia or E.max are wonderful materials for esthetic anterior crowns.
  • Finances- Many insurance plans dictate coverage for a porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crown but that crown type may not always be in the persons best interest. For example, porcelain is very brittle and prone to fracture. If the patient has a hard diet or history of clenching/grinding their teeth, PFM may not be the best option for them.
  • Functionality- The marriage between aesthetics and strength may usually be found with zirconia, porcelain fused to zirconia or e.Max. All three materials are wonderful choices that help with the compromise between strength and esthetics.

Crown Options

As always if you have any questions about your treatment options or what crown is for you, feel free to give us a call! We enjoy providing outstanding dentistry in a comfortable environment for the fine folks of the bluegrass. We also offer free consultations about crowns if you have questions about if they are the right treatment choice for you or would just like a second opinion.

Halloween tips from the Schroeders!

October 2, 2017

Welcome back to the Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry Blog with some Halloween tips! As the temperature begins to drop and we see summer wind to a close, it’s important to review a few key elements of proper oral hygiene. From Halloween Candy to holiday treats, it’s easy to forget about healthy habits and we understand. Find below some Halloween tips about how you can maintain that beautiful smile this fall.

  1. Always avoid chewy or sticky candy!

Chewy and sticky candies commonly get stuck interproximally (between the teeth) or deep in the central groove of molars(see picture below). These sticky candies have a high sugar content and are the perfect food supply for decay-causing bacteria! The worst perpetrators here are tootsie rolls and sticky caramel treats!

tooth cavity

  1. Crunchy foods crack teeth!

Peanut brittle is the best example for crunchy holiday treats that will bite you back! Commonly, teeth with large fillings or underlying decay are prone to fractures from extreme pressure and temperature changes. Thus, we suggest avoiding hard crunchy treats so as to reduce the risk of fracture!

cracked tooth

  1. Speaking of cracks, be careful walking at night!

You probably wouldn’t believe how many trauma patients we see the day after Halloween! Children running, Halloween decorations and parents/grandparents with poor vision all lead to accidents! Please be careful making your way thru the yards with a flashlight and try to minimize running by children.

As always, if you have any questions or comments, feel free to give our office a ring! We provide a comfortable dental experience in a family environment that’s focused on you! In addition, evening, Saturday, and sedation appointments are available! Call today to schedule an initial cleaning or a free consultation at (859)276-5496!

Do I have TMJ?

August 1, 2017

Hello and welcome back to the Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry Blog! We love providing the public more dental knowledge and this blog has done exactly that. Today we’ll be discussing the TMJ and risk factors, symptoms and suggested treatments for TMD.

“If you want to converse with me, first define your terms.”


First, a quick moment of clarification. The “TMJ” stands for the Temporomandibular Joint. If someone says they have “TMJ,” it is equivalent to saying “I have knee” or “I have an elbow.” Therefore, the correct reference to a poorly functioning jaw joint is referenced as “TMD.” TMD stands for Temporomandibular joint disorder and lets the dentist/listener know that your jaw joint is working incorrectly or causing pain.


Next, I’d like to discuss some common risk factors, symptoms and treatment suggestions. Although there are many risk factors associated with TMD, the most common are listed below:

  • Excessive bruxism (teeth grinding) or clenching which puts too much pressure on the joint. Do you think your knees would be happy squatting over 1,000 pounds in the gym?
  • Stress from work or life causing clenching.
  • Arthritis or other systemic joint issues that are related to excessive inflammation.
  • Abnormal amounts of elastic tissue. This is most commonly seen in females starting at age 14 during puberty. The elastic tissue on the most posterior portion of the joint may allow the joint to partially dislocate and/or function abnormally.

Not sure if you need to be seen by a dentist or specialist for your jaw issues? Some common symptoms are listed below but the biggest thing to keep in mind is to attack the issue early before chronic inflammation begins inside the joint. Symptoms include but are not limited to:

  • Popping, clicking or grating noises upon opening or closing of the mouth.
  • Painful or locking opening of the mouth during chewing (mastication).
  • Painful or locking closing of the mouth during chewing or conversation.
  • Aching facial muscles or jaw area located next to the front of your ear. This pain may radiate down your neck and even affect your shoulders.

bite guard TMJ

Lastly, we always suggest treatment early in the process to address any potential future discomfort. For example, during times of excessive pain in the area, treat the joint like you would a sprained ankle.

  • Ice should be applied to the area for 20 minutes of each hour for 3 hours.
  • Assuming no systemic conditions would limit consumption, take 2 ibuprofen with food immediately after pain.
  • Rest is key! Refrain from gum chewing, ice biting or any other excessive pressure on your jaw.
  • Bitegaurds do well to avoid excessive clenching or grinding of the teeth at night.
  • If symptoms persist, it is extremely important to seek medical attention from a dentist as soon as possible to make sure it does not become a chronic problem.

Thank you for checking out our blog post and remember, dentistry is not expensive but neglect is. Have a wonderful week and enjoy this summer!

Do I need a filling or root canal?

July 25, 2017

Do you need a filling or a root canal? We’ll try to answer that question in our latest blog post! Although we love to provide information to our patients, this information is simply to educate the public and in no way negates allowing a professional to make a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. Do you need a filling or root canal?tooth decay Commonly, decay starts on the chewing surface (occlusal surface) and has multiple stages prior to becoming “soft or sticky.” This progression commonly leads to more sensitivity in the tooth and provides a highway for the decay to approach the pulp. The decay progression through the enamel(white layer below) is based on several factors including but not limited to:

  • bacteria type and concentration,
  • available sugars via diet and acids released
  • the buffering potential of saliva

Next, the dentin layer (tan layer below) is softer by nature and contains cells called odontoblasts. Proceeding through the dentin layer, the decay encroaches upon the pulp and this is the point that commonly patients go from needing a filling to needing a root canal. Some common signs and symptoms associated with decay encroaching on the pulp include sleepless nights, obvious signs of infection like swelling or redness and sensitivity to hot/cold lasting over 15-30 seconds. tooth needs root canal Of course, this information in no way negates the need to have a professional take a look but we feel this information is helpful for patients who don’t understand the process taking place. As always, feel free to call us anytime to schedule an emergency treatment or a free consultation about getting a filling or root canal. Have a great week!

Prepare your teeth for a wedding!

June 20, 2017

Hello all and welcome to our blog post about preparing your teeth for a wedding! This time of year we watch wedding season come into full swing and we are so excited to help our patients. It is common for brides and grooms to worry about having that perfect smile for their big day! Here at Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry, we completely understand your situation. Everyone wants a fairy-tale smile for their fairy-tale wedding day.

wedding smile

Below is a few tips and ideas on how to prepare for your own or others big day:

  • A normal hygiene routine is crucial in preparation for summer pictures. The American Dental Association recommends brushing twice per day for two minutes. Also, it’s important to floss at minimum once per day.
  • Do you notice any coffee, tea or wine staining? At-home and in-office whitening treatments have become common place for patients. Call us for a free consultation at (859)276-5496 and we can give you a professional opinion on what treatment would be best for you. Commonly, a cleaning/polishing 1 month before the wedding day followed by an in-office whitening treatment can help patients attain a picture perfect smile.
  • Misaligned, crowded, or fractured teeth? More extensive treatment such as crowns, veneers and Invisalign/Clear Correct retainers may be needed. For this type of treatment it’s important to begin early. As far in advance as 6 months or a year before your big day or wedding season, I would suggest consulting with us about your smile goals. An easy way to remember this rule is when you are scheduling a venue for the wedding day, it is also time to schedule a dental consultation.

Have any questions or specific concerns? Give us a call anytime! We’re here to help make your special day a little extra special!

What causes tooth sensitivity?

May 9, 2017

Welcome back to the blog and hope you are having a wonderful spring! Tooth sensitivity is experienced by more than 1 in 4 people nationwide. Hot coffee, cold water, or a chilly breeze shouldn’t evoke fear or pain out of you! Let’s discuss potential causes and accepted treatments for excessively sensitive teeth.

Common causes of teeth sensitivity:

  • Receding gums- excessive clinching or aggressive brushing can move the gum margin away from the crown of the tooth. Exposed root surface is the culprit here.  gum recession
  • Decayed teeth- Areas that are difficult to brush or poor diet habits like excessive sugar intake could lead to “cavities”
  • Recent dental work- Due to the nature of dental work, it is common to have some sensitivity associated with teeth that have recently been adjusted or repaired.  cracked tooth
  • Fractured Teeth- Fractures in teeth allow sugars and fluids of varying temperatures to proceed closer to the pulp inside the tooth. Anytime a foreign material comes close to the pulp canal in a tooth, sensitivity is to be expected.

Depending on the nature of the teeth sensitivity, a diagnosis and treatment plan can be made right here at Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry. From “gum grafting” to improved oral hygiene habits, our team can inform you about your best options! Give us a call today and let’s figure out what we can do for you and your tooth sensitivity. We offer free consultations and Saturday appointments by calling (859)276-5496.

Why would a dentist offer Saturday appointments?

April 5, 2017

Welcome back to the Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry Blog! We take great pride in our outstanding reviews and providing a fear-free dental experience for our patients but we wondered what else we could do for this incredible community. Lexingtonians have supported us for over 37 years and we want to provide any service that could fulfill their dental needs.

Thus, we have added Saturday and late evening appointments to allow our busy patients time to get their dental work done without losing time away from their jobs or families. As you can see below, adding Saturday and late appointments has been a huge success for us and our patients. Whether it be Saturday appointments, sedation options, emergency dentistry or just a friendly staff, we will offer whatever it takes to provide for our amazing patients. For example, we stay open until 7:00 P.M. Monday thru Thursday and even offer Saturday appointments until 2:00 P.M. This allows our patients ample time to find an appointment that works for their schedule.


Are you looking for a dental home? If so, give us a call today to schedule an initial cleaning or even an appointment for emergency dentistry at (859)276-5496.

What are dental implants?

March 21, 2017

Hello and welcome back to the Schroeder Cosmetic and Family Dentistry blog where we’ll be discussing dental implants today! As we transition into the summertime, we’d like to give you some information about replacing missing teeth with dental implants, the pieces of a dental implant and limitations/concerns associated with dental implants.

dental implant

Do you have a missing space in your smile? A tooth that never formed? Maybe even need some help stabilizing a denture? Dental implants have become promising technology for the restoration of your smile and/or ability to chew. What is a dental implant? Dental implants are usually titanium screws that are similar in size and shape to the tooth that they are replacing. They are placed surgically into healthy bone of the upper or lower jaw. After their placement, approximately 2-6 months must go by before they are ready to be restored. When the bone has healed appropriately around the implant, the abutment will be screwed onto the implant and an impression is taken for a crown to be made. This will restore the area and provide ample space for chewing and improving the aesthetics of the smile.

Many dental implants are used to restore loose dentures as well. The healing time is similar but the abutment is different. The abutment placed can attach to the denture many different ways and provides stability and retention. Implants also provide an option to remove the palate of an upper denture.

implant denture

Although dental implants sound like a wonderful option, they are not perfect for every patient. Also, patients with a history of smoking, diabetes or bone loss may not be the best candidates due to their bone health. This is something we would be happy to speak with you about in a free consultation at our office. Ready to learn more about your options? Give us a call at (859)276-5496!


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